Active and Passive Rehabilitation Training, Which is Better?

Rehabilitation Training: Passive Training

Passive Training: Therapist is the key. The therapist acts as an ‘healer’, and the patient is just a sick person who is passively receiving treatment. The patient is like an instrument to be repaired. The therapist focuses on the ‘tightness’ and ‘looseness’ of the limbs, and the objective is to reduce the static muscle tension.


Features of Passive Training

1. The treatment process is mechanized and it doesn’t require brain work .The patient is under the control of the therapist.

2. The immediate ‘effect’ is good (that is, the muscles of the limbs are easily stretched, the abnormal posture is suppressed quickly, etc.), and the family members approve of this method.

3. Family members generally think that the patient is a sick person, that is, they should lie down and receive treatment passively, and the therapist should work hard to train the patient to loosen the tense limbs. (Patients who take passive therapy think so too). (Note: In fact, the good wishes of therapists and family members to reduce muscle tension through pulling and shaking often backfire.)


The Role of Passive Exercise Training:

●Effect: The immediate effect is obvious, the patient’s muscles and limbs under static conditions are relaxed quickly, the passive range of motion of the joints is good, and the posture is corrected well.

●Disadvantages: It has little effect on promoting motor function, improving motor ability and reducing postural tension, which will cause patients to lose motor function and exercise ability in the long-term; Excessive expansion of joint range of motion will reduce the patient’s control ability.


Rehabilitation Training: Active Training

It focuses on the patient’s autonomic movement, supplemented by the therapist, and is motor function and motor ability oriented. It’s goal is to help the patient achieve autonomic movement. The therapist does not treat the patient as a sick person, but treats the patient as an ordinary person. He (she) has difficulties now and seeks help. The therapist is just a teacher and helper. What the therapist does is to teach the patient how to exercise, assist the patient to exercise, find ways to create conditions for the patient to exercise, remove the obstacles that restrict the patient’s movement, and help the patient to establish motor function and motor ability to achieve autonomic movement.


Features of Active Training

1. It seems that the therapist does not need a lot of work, as if he is playing with the patient, and the family members do not understand it. Before the effect comes out, the therapist is under pressure.

2. In the process of active exercise training, it costs the therapist a lot of mental work. It is essential to observe the patient’s movement at all times to find the moment when the patient’s movement changes slightly so as to guide the situation, and the therapist needs to rack his brains to find a way to make the patient exercise better in order to improve motor function and athletic ability.

3. It takes the therapist much labor work in the process of alienating the patient’s motor function and movement pattern, which requires more labor work than that of the passive exercise trainer. The sophisticated therapists can move gracefully (not gently) and achieves a kind of artistry.


The Importance of Active Training:

1. New motor functions must be learned through active training, and it is difficult to learn new movement patterns only by passive exercise.

2. Only active movement indicates that a certain motor function forms a circuit in the central nervous system.

3. Active training has greater guiding significance for life: feeling, learning, familiarizing, accustomed, mastering, applying, and guiding daily life.

4. Active exercise training is essential for infants with cerebral palsy.

Yeecon is a leading rehabilitation equipment manufacturer with over 20 years experience. We develop and manufacture a variety of rehabilitation robotics and physical therapy equipment to meet the ever-changing needs of the rehabilitation industry. Our products have been proven to be effective in clinical use by hospitals and professionals around the world. Please feel free to contact us to get our latest product catalog and price list!


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Post time: Apr-29-2022
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