Pain should be a word that is familiar to all of us. Pain has different degrees from mild and severe. In many cases, it will be accompanied by substantial or potential damage, which directly affects the physical and mental health of patients. Pain will not only affect the patient’s physical activities, such as diet, activity and sleep, but also seriously affect the patient’s psychology, causing irritability, depression, suicide, low immunity and promotion of disease development.
Due to the diversity and complexity of pain, pain involves a wide range of diseases. Especially for many chronic pains, there is no treatment method that can cure pain straight away. In clinical treatment, it is difficult to obtain satisfactory results for all pain symptoms by relying on only one treatment measure. Therefore, the methods of treating pain should be varied, and the effective methods should be selected according to the disease, and two or more methods should be used together to improve the curative effect.
Methods of pain treatment include: medication, manual therapy, kinesitherapy and physical therapy.
Medication is the most basic and most commonly used method of pain treatment. Some acute pains can be cured with medicine alone, but the side effects of drugs cannot be ignored. When using medication treatment, great attention should be paid to the characteristics of pain , especially the etiology, nature, degree and location of pain.
Manipulative treatment of pain has a remarkable effect in relieving pain, and has gradually become a new type of therapy. Various methods have been formed into systems, and have their own unique methods of operation. Tuina and massage help to relax muscles, improve abnormal contractions, correct joint disorders, and reduce pain during activity.
Kinesitherapy refers to a training method that uses equipment, bare hands or the patient’s own strength to restore the patient’s whole body or local motor function and sensory function through certain exercise methods. Common exercise therapies include medical gymnastics, aerobic training, and ethnic forms of physical therapy. Exercise therapy is very effective for pain relief, because regular muscle movement can activate the β-endorphin system that inhibits and reduces pain. Targeted exercise can also improve muscle strength, strengthen joint stability, and prevent pain.
There are many physical therapy methods, which have obvious curative effect and few side effects. Physical therapy includes low and medium frequency electrotherapy, phototherapy, magnetic therapy and TENS (transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation). Spinal cord electrical stimulation and pituitary electrical stimulation are currently the best methods for the treatment of intractable and intractable pain.
Thermotherapy: thermotherapy can enhance the pain threshold and reduce the excitability of muscle spindles so that muscles are relaxed and muscle spasms can be reduced. Thermotherapy can also promote vasodilation, increase blood circulation, reduce congestion in the affected area, promote inflammation absorption, and stimulate the skin’s temperature receptors, so as to inhibit the pain reflex. Different heat methods have different effects, there are usually two methods of wet heat and dry heat.
Traction Table with Heating System YK-6000D can provide thermal therapy to neck and waist while traction, automatically identify the heating of neck and waist, and the temperature is accurately adjustable to improve the treatment effect;
Cold therapy: Cold therapy can reduce muscular tension and slow down the speed of nerve conduction in the muscle, thereby reducing muscle spasm caused by primary osteoarthrosis. Cold therapy uses cooling substances to cool the human body. The temperature used is generally higher than 0 °C, and the cooling is slow and does not cause local tissue damage. In clinical application, cold therapy is often used in the early stage of acute soft tissue injury and in muscle spasm, high fever, and heat stroke caused by neuralgia, neuritis, nerve excitation or muscle fatigue.
Electrotherapy: Through the physiological and biochemical effects of nerves, body fluids, endocrine, etc., it can accelerate the discharge of pain-causing substances and pathological metabolites that cause pain, improve local metabolism and internal environment, and play an analgesic effect. Electrical stimulation analgesia includes transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation and spinal cord stimulation analgesia and other methods, as well as other electrical stimulation therapies such as intermittent electricity, interference electricity, and induced electricity. Transcutaneous nerve electrical stimulation is the application of a low-frequency pulse current with a certain frequency and a certain wave width to act on the body surface to stimulate the sensory nerves to achieve the purpose of analgesia.
According to the mechanism of the Gate Control Theory of Pain, the effect of electrical stimulation therapy help human body release morphine like substances. It has been widely recognized in clinical application that low and medium frequency equipment has a clear pain relief effect.
The electrotherapy technology is developing from low frequency, medium frequency, interference electricity to high voltage, to the frequency conversion dynamic treatment technology treating from shallow to deep, from inner to outer. Electrotherapy technology is putting forth new ideas step by step to bring about a deeper and more comfortable patient experience.
How to Deal with Muscle Soreness?
Why Can’t You Ignore Neck Pain?
The Effect of Modulated Medium Frequency Electrotherapy
Post time: May-31-2022